The 20 Most Important Italian Verbs Ending in -ERE

Italian verbs can be divided into three families, called “conjugations”, based on the ending of the infinitive. Verbs ending in -are belong to the first conjugation, those in -ere to the second conjugation and those in -ire to the third conjugation. Avere (“to have”) and essere (“to be”) are the only exceptions since they belong to the so-called coniugazione propria.

Consider that, in order to conjugate verbs in the -ere group, you must remove the -ere ending and add the following suffixes:

  • -o first-person singular (I)
  • -i second-person singular informal (you)
  • -e third-person singular (he/she/it) or second-person formal (you)
  • -iamo first-person plural (we)
  • -ete second-person plural (you all)
  • -ono third-person plural (they)

Today we will take a closer look at the twenty most important Italian verbs ending in -ere while presenting some examples of sentences in which they are used. Let’s begin!

italian verbs ending in ere

1. Bere

English meaning: to drink


Note: Bere is an irregular -ere verb, so it doesn’t follow the same conjugation pattern as other -ere verbs in the present tense. It derives from the Latin verb bevere, so we need to remove the ending from this original verb and add our endings.

(io) bevo = I drink
(tu) bevi = you drink (informal)
(lui) beve = he drinks
(lei) beve = she drinks

(Lei) beve = you drink (formal)
(noi) beviamo = we drink
(voi) bevete = you drink (plural)
(loro) bevono = they drink

Vorrei bere un bicchiere di vino.

I would like to drink a glass of wine.


Girl having a hot cup of coffee

2. Chiedere

English meaning: to ask


(io) chiedo = I ask
(tu) chiedi = you ask (informal)
(lui) chiede = he asks
(lei) chiede = she asks

(Lei) chiede = you ask (formal)
(noi) chiediamo = we ask
(voi) chiedete = you ask (plural)
(loro) chiedono = they ask

Ti chiedo un favore.

I ask you a favour.


Mature English language teacher sitting at table with his students asking them questions during lesson

3. Chiudere

English meaning: to close


(io) chiudo = I close
(tu) chiudi = you close (informal)
(lui) chiude = he closes
(lei) chiude = she closes

(Lei) chiude = you close (formal)
(noi) chiudiamo = we close
(voi) chiudete = you close (plural)
(loro) chiudono = they close

Giovanni chiude la porta.

Giovanni closes the door.


Male hand closes a white painted wooden door with frosted glass in a country house. Close-up.

4. Conoscere

English meaning: to know


(io) conosco = I know
(tu) conosci = you know (informal)
(lui) conosce = he knows
(lei) conosce = she knows

(Lei) conosce = you know (formal)
(noi) conosciamo = we know
(voi) conoscete = you know (plural)
(loro) conoscono = they know

Conosci il significato di questo verbo?

Do you know the meaning of this verb?


Two men sitting together on couch in strong hugs.

5. Correre

English meaning: to run


(io) corro = I run
(tu) corri = you run (informal)
(lui) corre = he runs
(lei) corre = she runs

(Lei) corre = you run (formal)
(noi) corriamo = we run
(voi) correte = you run (plural)
(loro) corrono = they run

Corrono perché non vogliono mancare a lezione.

They are running because they do not want to miss the lecture.


Young woman in blue track suit running on the forest trail at autumn

6. Credere

English meaning: to believe


(io) credo = I believe
(tu) credi = you believe (informal)
(lui) crede = he believes
(lei) crede = she believes

(Lei) crede = you believe (formal)
(noi) crediamo = we believe
(voi) credete = you believe (plural)
(loro) credono = they believe

Quella donna crede in Dio.

That woman believes in God.


girl praying

7. Decidere

English meaning: to decide


(io) decido = I decide
(tu) decidi = you decide (informal)
(lui) decide = he decides
(lei) decide = she decides

(Lei) decide = you decide (formal)
(noi) decidiamo = we decide
(voi) decidete = you decide (plural)
(loro) decidono = they decide

Decidi se preferisci il maglione rosso o blu.

Decide if you prefer the red or blue sweater.


choosing a christmas tree

8. Leggere

English meaning: to read


(io) leggo = I read
(tu) leggi = you read (informal)
(lui) legge = he reads
(lei) legge = she reads

(Lei) legge = you read (formal)
(noi) leggiamo = we read
(voi) leggete = you read (plural)
(loro) leggono = they read

Leggiamo insieme il primo libro della saga.

Let’s read the first book of the saga together.


Cute little girl is reading a book in her bedroom.

9. Mettere

English meaning: to put


(io) metto = I put
(tu) metti = you put (informal)
(lui) mette = he puts
(lei) mette = she puts

(Lei) mette = you put (formal)
(noi) mettiamo = we put
(voi) mettete = you put (plural)
(loro) mettono = they put

Metto il libro sullo scaffale.

I put the book on the shelf.


Little girl puts flowers on table, indoor

10. Perdere

English meaning: to lose / to miss


(io) perdo = I lose
(tu) perdi = you lose (informal)
(lui) perde = he loses
(lei) perde = she loses

(Lei) perde = you lose (formal)
(noi) perdiamo = we lose
(voi) perdete = you lose (plural)
(loro) perdono = they lose

Il Milan ha perso la partita.

Milan lost the match.


Young slim female measuring her waist after extensive physical training

11. Piangere

English meaning: to cry


(io) piango = I cry
(tu) piangi = you cry (informal)
(lui) piange = he cries
(lei) piange = she cries

(Lei) piange = you cry (formal)
(noi) piangiamo = we cry
(voi) piangete = you cry (plural)
(loro) piangono = they cry

Lei piange perché è morto il suo gatto.

She is crying because her cat died.


upset senior woman holding walking stick, covering face with hand and crying at home

12. Prendere

English meaning: to take / to get / to pick


(io) prendo = I take
(tu) prendi = you take (informal)
(lui) prende = he takes
(lei) prende = she takes

(Lei) prende = you take (formal)
(noi) prendiamo = we take
(voi) prendete = you take (plural)
(loro) prendono = they take

Prendiamo il treno invece dell’aereo.

We’re taking the train instead of the plane.


man taking a tram

13. Promettere

English meaning: to promise


(io) prometto = I promise
(tu) prometti = you promise (informal)
(lui) promette = he promises
(lei) promette = she promises

(Lei) promette = you promise (formal)
(noi) promettiamo = we promise
(voi) promettete = you promise (plural)
(loro) promettono = they promise

Ti prometto che starò in silenzio.

I promise that I will be silent.


A man and a woman hooking each other little finger for swear and promise

14. Ridere

English meaning: to laugh


(io) rido = I laugh
(tu) ridi = you laugh (informal)
(lui) ride = he laughs
(lei) ride = she laughs

(Lei) ride = you laugh (formal)
(noi) ridiamo = we laugh
(voi) ridete = you laugh (plural)
(loro) ridono = they laugh

I tuoi amici ridono perché hai raccontato una barzelletta.

Your friends are laughing because you told a joke.


Happy young people laughing together.

15. Scrivere

English meaning: to write


(io) scrivo = I write
(tu) scrivi = you write (informal)
(lui) scrive = he writes
(lei) scrive = she writes

(Lei) scrive = you write (formal)
(noi) scriviamo = we write
(voi) scrivete = you write (plural)
(loro) scrivono = they write

Ti scriverò una lettera.

I will write you a letter.


Portrait of a stylish young man writing in his notebook.

16. Sorridere

English meaning: to smile


(io) sorrido = I smile
(tu) sorridi = you smile (informal)
(lui) sorride = he smiles
(lei) sorride = she smiles

(Lei) sorride = you smile (formal)
(noi) sorridiamo = we smile
(voi) sorridete = you smile (plural)
(loro) sorridono = they smile

Sorridi sempre nelle foto.

You always smile in photos.


Black man smiling at camera. Selective focus.

17. Vedere

English meaning: to see


(io) vedo = I see
(tu) vedi = you see (informal)
(lui) vede = he sees
(lei) vede = she sees

(Lei) vede = you see (formal)
(noi) vediamo = we see
(voi) vedete = you see (plural)
(loro) vedono = they see

Ti vedo anche se sono lontano.

I can see you even though I am far away.


girl looking through a magnifying glass

18. Vendere

English meaning: to sell


(io) vendo = I sell
(tu) vendi = you sell (informal)
(lui) vende = he sells
(lei) vende = she sells

(Lei) vende = you sell (formal)
(noi) vendiamo = we sell
(voi) vendete = you sell (plural)
(loro) vendono = they sell

Ti vorrei vendere il mio computer.

I would like to sell you my computer.


Beautiful woman using tablet while working in the store.

19. Vincere

English meaning: to win


(io) vinco = I win
(tu) vinci = you win (informal)
(lui) vince = he wins
(lei) vince = she wins

(Lei) vince = you win (formal)
(noi) vinciamo = we win
(voi) vincete = you win (plural)
(loro) vincono = they win

Chi vince la sfida secondo te?

Who do you think is going to win the challenge?


Team of little winners showing golden award after successful game in football championship

20. Vivere

English meaning: to live


(io) vivo = I live
(tu) vivi = you live (informal)
(lui) vive = he lives
(lei) vive = she lives

(Lei) vive = you live (formal)
(noi) viviamo = we live
(voi) vivete = you live (plural)
(loro) vivono = they live

Vivo in un appartamento.

I live in an apartment.


Traveler look at the mountain range.

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