Italian Word of the Day: Paese (country, town)

I’ve always found it fascinating that the word paese (masculine, plural: paesi) in Italian can refer to one of the largest places where people live (country or nation), as well as one of the smallest (town or village).

italian word for country

Whether you mean one or the other is explicated by the context, as you can see by comparing the two examples below.

L’Italia è un paese meraviglioso.

Italy is a marvellous country.

Cantalupa è un paese vicino a Torino.

Cantalupa is a town close to Turin.

Sometimes in writing, people will capitalise Paese to clarify that the subject is a country rather than a town.

If you feel the need to add extra clarification, you can always resort to synonyms such as nazione (nation), stato (state), borgo (historical village) or paesino (little town).

  • Adoro il mio paese. (I love my country.) > Adoro la mia nazione.
  • Adoro il mio paese. (I love my town.) > Adoro il mio paesino.
street in the small town of Manarola
Manarola è un paese balneare in Liguria.
Manarola is a seaside town in Liguria.

Paese can also denote the occupants of a nation or town.

Tutto il paese è andato alla festa.

The whole town went to the party.

Some other words related to paese include:

  • paesaggio = landscape
  • paesone = large town/village
  • paesello = small village

The adjective paesano can be used in multiple ways: it can refer to the inhabitant of a town, describe something related to the town, or signify something rustic, rural, or simple in more general terms.

Note that although the word villaggio exists in Italian, it is used less to talk about modern towns and villages and more to describe tourist resorts (villaggio turistico) or holiday villages (villaggio vacanze). If you do hear it used to talk about a town, it will often be in a historical context.

Idioms featuring ‘paese’

Tutto il mondo è paese.

Literal translation: The whole world is a town.
English meaning: It’s the same the world over.

Mandare (qualcuno) a quel paese

Literal translation: To send (someone) to that town.
English meaning: To tell someone to get lost.

Paese che vai, usanze che trovi.

Literal translation: Country you go (to), customs you find.
English meaning: When in Rome do as the Romans do.

Ethics statement: Below you will find affiliate links. If you buy something after clicking the link, we will receive a small commission. To know more about our ethics, you can visit our full disclosure page. Thank you!

Lingopie (affiliate link) is the Netflix of language learning application that uses real TV shows and movies to help you learn a new language. You can choose a show to watch based on your fluency level, and use the interactive subtitles to get instant translations to help you learn quickly.

Are you interested in improving your Italian in a fun and stress-free manner? Then we highly recommend Serena Capilli's short stories in Italian (affiliate link), designed for beginners, advanced beginners, and lower intermediate learners (A1-B1 CEFR). These stories have been optimised for English speakers in search of a fun, laid-back learning experience! Read our full review here.

Leave a Comment