The Italian word polizia (feminine, plural: polizie) and the English word police both derive from the Latin word politia, which in turn comes from the Greek word politeia meaning citizenship.
Of course today both the Italian and English refer to the civil force of a state, responsible for maintaining public order and preventing crime.
La polizia è responsabile di mantenere l’ordine e la sicurezza.
The police is responsible for maintaining order and security.
In Italy, there are two local forces and five national police forces:
(also known as Polizia Comunale, Polizia Urbana or Vigili Urbani)
Polizia di Stato
Guardia di Finanza
Arma dei Carabinieri
Corpo Forestale dello Stato
There is also an additional force called Direzione Investigativa Antimafia, a multi-force investigation body whose main task is the fight against mafia-related organised crime in Italy.
A policeman is called a poliziotto in Italian. To create the word policewoman, simply change the ending from the masculine o to the feminine a. The plural forms are poliziotti and poliziotte respectively.
I miei figli vogliono diventare poliziotti.
My sons want to become policemen.
The word polizia can also function as an adjective if preceded by della (of the).
La macchina della polizia sta pattugliando le strade.
The police car is patrolling the streets.
Below are a few important personnel you might see at the local police station (questura) or headquarters (commissariato):
- agente di polizia = police officer
- capo della polizia = chief of police
- capitano della polizia = police captain
- commissario = police commissioner
- ispettore = inspector
- cane della polizia or cane poliziotto = police dog
Helpful tip: A word that sounds extremely similar to polizia in Italian is pulizia which means cleaning or cleanliness. Always make sure to pronounce the o in polizia very clearly to avoid misunderstandings! 🙂