The word for vacation or holiday in Italian is vacanza (feminine, plural: vacanze). Derived from the Latin vacantia, it is used for both the fixed holiday periods between school terms and periods of recreation or leisure, often spent away from home.
Dove passerai le vacanze estive?
Where are you going to spend the summer holidays?
Below are a few useful verbs and phrases you might want to use with the word vacanza:
- andare in vacanza = to go on vacation
- essere in vacanza = to be on vacation
- un giorno / una settimana / un mese di vacanza = a day / week / month-long holiday
- passare le vacanze = to spend the holidays
- tornare dalle vacanze = to come back from the holidays
Non voglio stare a casa quest’anno. Voglio andare in vacanza!
I don’t want to stay at home this year. I want to go on vacation!
A person who really enjoys going on vacation, travelling and spending time in touristic hot spots might receive the nickname vacanziere. The similar sounding vacanziero, on the other hand, can be used to describe activities/weather associated with the holidays (e.g. clima vacanziero = holiday climate) or a person who is on holiday.
Sono dei gran vacanzieri questi vostri amici. Raramente li vedo a casa.
Your friends are real holiday-makers. I rarely see them at home.
If you want to stop thinking about something that is driving you crazy and give your brain a well-needed rest, you might decide to mandare il cervello in vacanza (lit: send your brain on a vacation). A similar expression in English is to turn off your brain.
Finally, vacanza can also mean vacant. For example, vacanza di una carica means that there is an unoccupied office position.